The Enabled Environment for Assisted Living is a multidisciplinary research area. The main objective of this domain concerns the development of tools and methods that can respond to the needs of the user anywhere and at any time. The disabled user becomes central and the environment is adapted to his/her needs. A wide range of applications may be considered which include, but are not limited to, Public Transport Systems, Tourism, Educational Environments (Smart Campus), Public Spaces and/or any application that is smart enough to assist the user based on the context or need. An environment may be qualified as “Enabled” if it is equipped with sensing and/or acting capabilities (Figure 1). Such capabilities may be linked to each user (as in the case of wheelchairs for persons with a disability) or linked to the environment and used by all users or by a sub-class of the users in the vicinity supported through a system of Wireless sensors, Access Points and Hotspots. The Enabled Environment for Assisted Living forms part of this emerging area of research. The objective is to develop innovative solutions for persons with varying levels of disabilities so that the objectives of integrating such persons into mainstream society can be achieved. The notion of the ‘handicapped’ situation integrates most classical deficiencies related to physical, sensorial, or cerebral deficiencies that lead to the inability of an individual to function effectively. It also relates to situations in which aging contributes to light handicaps such as visual or auditory impairment. A need therefore arises for the development of various technologies that cater for various aspects (mobility, education, services, etc.) adapted to each individual case. The major difficulty in this domain is the definition of a generic device that is suitable to a large category of users while at the same time can be adapted to each individual case.
Example of a Smart Space for an Elderly person (source LISSI-Laboratory SIRIUS team, UPEC University, France)